Open-loop control

Control Problems in Robotics and Automation

The book describes the state of the art of open-loop control in robotic systems. For this, control-methods are presented, which are used for different mobil vehicles and manipulators.

Siciliano, B. and Valavanis, K. (1998). Control Problems in Robotics and Automation. Springer Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York.


In this book, at first, the electrical background is presented with the aid of the electrical components. Afterwards, these are clarified with application-specific circuitry. The examples cover analogous calculation-circuits as well as signal generators, filters and digital circuits, e.g. from the area of measurement engineering or micro-computing.

Tietze, U. and Schenk, C. (1993). Halbleiterschaltungstechnik. Springer Verlag.